Scoliosis is a disorder in which there is a sideways curve of the spine, or backbone. Curves are often S-shaped or C-shaped. People of all ages can have scoliosis and, in most cases, there is no known cause for this curve. The most common type is idiopathic scoliosis in children aged 10-12 and in their early teens.
Degenerative Disc Disease
As we age, the water content in our body cells diminishes and other chemical changes occur that can cause the disk to shrink. Without sufficient cushioning, the vertebrae may begin to press against each other, pinching the nerve, or to form bony spurs. This causes degenerative disc disease.
Low Back Pain
Acute or short-term low back pain generally lasts from a few days to a few weeks. Most acute back pain is the result of trauma, such as caused by a sports injury, work, or car accident, to the lower back or a disorder such as arthritis. Symptoms may range from muscle ache to shooting or stabbing pain, limited flexibility and range of motion, or an inability to stand straight. Chronic back pain is pain that persists for more than 3 months.
Lumbar Spinal Stenosis
Lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS) is a degenerative condition of the spine that is generally characterized by pain in the lower back which radiates to the buttocks and down to the legs, often causing associated numbness, tingling and weakness when walking.
Treatment options vary according to the severity of the condition. Ibuprofen (Advil), aspirin, acetaminophen (Tylenol) and naproxen sodium (Aleve) are often used in the early stages to manage pain. Some patients may get relief with physical therapy and cortisone injections. For more advanced cases, surgery is often the treatment of choice. The most common procedure, decompressive laminectomy, involves removing the lamina — the posterior portion of the vertebra —and attached ligaments surrounding the spinal canal and, if necessary, widening the canals through which nerve roots travel. Patients typically are out of the hospital within two to five days, able to walk almost immediately and are totally recovered within six weeks to six months.